I am curious about the levels of censorship in the USSR under the Leninist regime, particularly of Western literature. I know that Lenin's wife, Krupskaia, was an especially adamant supporter of library purges after the Civil War. However, what became of works that spoke to the evils of capitalism, like The Gilded Age by Mark Twain, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, or anything Dickensian? For example, Fitzgerald exploited the coldness that came of greed and was harshly critical of the well-to-do. Wouldn't publication of this kind of Western material strengthen the Soviet cause because it would have showed how famous writers in the West doubted the virtues of their socio-economic system? After all, these were the days before the paranoia of foreign encirclement that became such a hallmark of the Stalinist era. So, I'm wondering if capitalist-criticizing literature from the West was banned in the '20s, and if so, why?
Source: reddit post